Immigration is the process by which people come to live permanently in a foreign country. America is a place where people see lots of opportunities and tend to be drawn to immigrate to, which is why it has been coined as the “melting pot”. The topic of immigration has been recently talked about in the news and media a lot within the past year or so. Ever since the presidential election campaign began and the candidates were announced, immigration has been a major concern and platform for both parties regardless of their political affiliation. During his presidential campaign, Donald Trump advertised the fact that he wanted to build a wall to keep the influx in immigrants down. He also planned to tighten the laws already existing on immigrants within the country, and more specifically immigrants that are here illegally.
The president has planted a sense of fear within those who are immigrants on American soil. This is not good because not only does he blame the influx on the previous presidents, but he is making people feel as though they are unwelcome and do not belong. Since taking office, he has already attempted to put laws in place to build the wall between the Southern border of North America and Mexico, but his plans have not flowed very smoothly at all. He wanted to have Mexico pay for the wall, but of course they declined this action, so the president has been scrambling trying to find funds and people willing to pay for the wall. It has been a hard task for him to accomplish, because many Americans do not agree with these means of controlling immigration either.
According to the Pew Research Center, rules about immigration have changed a lot over the years, but America is and has been known as a melting pot for many years now. Immigration laws began once the United States won independence from Great Britain. Originally, the immigration legislation laws imposed limits that favored Europeans, but in 1965 the law changed for the better for immigrants from other parts of the world.
This law from 1965 was known as the 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act, or Hart-Celler Act. It replaced the national origins quota system with a seven-category preference system to emphasize the reunification of families and skilled immigrants. The visa cap was also eliminated from immediate family members of U.S. citizens admitted each year. In 1976, there were also amendments put into place which established a worldwide limit of 290,000 visas. This was put into place specifically in Mexico because the country often time exceed the 20,000-visa limit. These rules were put into place at a time where many other laws of freedom regarding civil rights and people of other heritages were being put into place as well, so it truly helped present America as the melting pot it is.